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How to Write a Pro Forma Business Plan Pro Forma Business Plan Template

pro forma statements example

We plan to use this funding to invest in research and development, as well as to cover the costs of marketing and new product launches. We expect our expenses to increase at a slower rate than our sales, due to our economies of scale. We anticipate that our expenses will increase by 15% in Year 1, 10% in Year 2, and 5% in Year 3. In this article we are going to walk through how to finance a small business acquisition and answer some key questions related to financing options.

  • Though not considered very accurate, the long-term method takes into account budgeted revenues, which are translated into cash receipts.
  • Unlike standard financial statements which reflect the company’s actual historical performance, pro forma statements are based on certain adjustments or hypothetical scenarios.
  • Unlike traditional financial statements that explain the past, pro forma documents usually look forward and rely on financial modeling and speculation.
  • Pro forma financial statements are instrumental in securing funding for businesses.
  • We anticipate that our expenses will increase by 15% in Year 1, 10% in Year 2, and 5% in Year 3.
  • Pro forma is actually a Latin term meaning “for form” (or today we might say “for the sake of form, as a matter of form”).

The COGS figure does directly vary with sales; if it does not, something is wrong with your numbers. The COGS forecast is the COGS/Sales ratio from several years multiplied by the sales forecast. You can address this fact simply with a final paragraph in the compilation reports, and the author may elect to include the reason for the lack of independence.

Why include a Pro Forma Statement in your Business Plan

Although pro forma statements can be an insightful way to explore hypothetical scenarios, it’s important to remember that they’re based on assumptions, not facts. As such, there’s always a possibility that the scenarios projected by your pro forma financial https://simple-accounting.org/how-to-start-your-own-bookkeeping-business-for/ statements are going to be wildly inaccurate. Therefore, it’s important to be cautious when evaluating these sorts of financial statements and use them alongside other financial documents to get a clearer picture of the business’s actual finances.

  • A pro forma financial statement is a forward-looking projection of a company’s expected financial performance, typically based on assumptions and hypothetical scenarios.
  • We plan to invest heavily in research and development, as well as new product launches.
  • Essentially, a pro forma financial statement can exclude anything a company believes obscures the accuracy of its financial outlook and can be a useful piece of information to help assess a company’s future prospects.
  • However, to comply with professional auditing standards, the documents can be audited at the request of the company or a third party.

Pro forma statements demonstrate to investors and lenders that a company is worth investing in. In addition, it’s easier to prove sustainability by presenting well-researched pro forma statements to a would-be stakeholder. Management’s responsibility is to never get caught by surprise, anticipate changes and always be prepared for upcoming conditions. Pro forma financial statements are essential tools to meet those obligations. Management prepares projections for the next several years of the expected revenue increase and the rise in costs of operations. These projections detail how much money the company will need to borrow and how the loan will be paid back.

When Are Pro Forma Statements Used?

A pro forma income statement is an estimate of your company’s financial performance over a period of time. It shows your expected revenue and expenses and can be used to assess the viability of your business. As you can see, pro forma financial statements are a great tool that management can use to play out what if scenarios and future projects. They can be used to plan the future by evaluating upcoming cash What Accounting Software Do Startups Use? requirements, credit terms on new debt obligations, and the logistics of entering into new contracts. Compiled pro forma financial statements can form the basis for calculating financial ratios and financial models, which test assumptions and relationships of your company’s plan. You can use them to study how changes in the price of labor, materials, overhead, and the cost of goods affect the bottom line.

pro forma statements example

Russell creates a pro forma income statement for next year to inform his decision. Russell follows The Ascent’s guide to forecasted financial statements to generate the document. After a major acquisition, a public company must prepare a secondary balance sheet and income statement as if the purchase occurred at the Accounting for Startups: 7 Bookkeeping Tips for Your Startup beginning of the year. We put the “pro forma” label on these financial documents because there’s a lot of “what if” involved in their making. Before acquiring another business, investing in new equipment, or taking on new debt, businesses draft forward-looking pro forma financial statements to understand the effect.

What is a pro forma financial statement?

On the other hand, if net cash flow is positive, you can plan on having enough extra cash on hand to pay off loans, or save for a big investment. We forecast that our capital expenditures will increase in line with our sales, at a rate of 20% per year. We plan to invest heavily in research and development, as well as new product launches. We have been in business for 10 years, and our products are sold in over 10 countries. We have a strong track record of financial success, and we are now looking to expand our operations into new markets. Management uses these reports regularly in the course of business and only occasionally issues them to outside investors and creditors.

  • The difference is that the financial forecast details the company’s expected results of operations as a single-point estimate or a range.
  • This type of projection could be shorter term (from the beginning of the current fiscal year).
  • By contrast, pro forma financial statements are based on current financial statements and change based on events and assumptions.
  • The main purpose of pro forma statements is to provide stakeholders, especially management and potential investors, with a forward-looking view of a company’s potential financial position.
  • We believe that these results demonstrate the viability of our business and its potential for long-term success.

Harkening back to the previous section, a company can use a pro forma income statement, balance sheet, and cash-flow statement to project how these events might affect its financial position. Businesses can develop pro forma income statements, balance sheets, revenue projections, estimates of costs and expenses and expectations of cash flow, such as the result of a merger or the introduction of a new product. The main purpose of pro forma statements is to provide stakeholders, especially management and potential investors, with a forward-looking view of a company’s potential financial position.

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